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Take care of diabetes and in return diabetes will take care of you

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By Pramita Sarkar

Bangalore, Oct 25: Lazy lifestyle and unhealthy food habits are contributing to the rise in number of cases of type 1 diabetes amongst children aged between nine to 14 years. 100 Hundrednew cases of Type 1 diabetes amongst kids have been registered. Type 1 diabetes can prove fatal if not treated properly.

According to International Diabetes Federation, 70,200 children (age 1-14 years) in India are suffering from Type 1 diabetes. IDF made this estimation through OGTT (Oral Glucose Tolerance Test).

Dr. O.S Santhosh, Paediatric Consultant Diabetologist from (Karnataka Institute of Diabetology) said “315 children are under treatment with Type 1 diabetes till now in KID, in case of children with Type1 diabetes the risk factor lies as the worsening of the condition goes down quickly and we have to be very quick in identifying the symptoms and putting them on treatment otherwise it can be fatal and the patient might have kidney failure, multiple organ failure and blindness. The most common cases we face are children less than 5years of age are diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes and they are put on insulin doses with proper diet for lifelong. The main cause of Type 1 diabetes amongst kids at such a young age is obesity. Other reasons include unhealthy lifestyle, eating junk foods, no proper physical activity and family history.”

“Children mainly teens have the tendency of breaking rules, like not taking insulin and maintaining their proper diet as they want freedom and feel inferior in comparison to other children and don’t really understand the real consequences of disobeying the treatment at this age. So educating parents about Type 1 diabetes and how to take care of their child along with the patient is very important. Sometimes cases of extreme depression are noticed not only amongst the patient but parents too as they are not able to handle the situation. So they are provided counseling in KID to deal with such situation and make a positive response to the treatment,” Dr Santhosh explained.

On World Health day (7th April), the theme for this year was diabetes awareness. Dr. M.A. Shekar, (Director of Karnataka institute of Endocrinology and Research) along with Dr. Santhosh and Dr. Surekha Shetty (Diebetologist) from KID initiated for the first time, a school health programme to create awareness about diabetes amongst kids. Both private and government schools are covered under this programme and till now the awareness programme has taken place in 20 schools across the city. Dr Santhosh said “We are concentrating to bring more awareness amongst kids about knowing that there is something called diabetes and how badly it is affecting not only our country but throughout the world. Our intention is to go to schools educate the teachers and children and bring awareness for Type 1 diabetes as it can be prevented.

The prevention comes from healthy lifestyle, with normal body weight and proper food habits. Our mission is to bring awareness through the teachers so they can spread the awareness amongst children as they are the future citizens. This is the age to install the knowledge about good food habits and healthy lifestyles so they don’t become victims of diabetes.”

Dr. Shekhar said “Insulin is mandatory for survival of Type 1 diabetes”. Nowadays a latest technology has been launched, called the insulin pump which is more advanced than the insulin injections. It has made the life of a Type 1 diabetic patient easier. Both the machine and it’s maintenance are very expensive. The machine costs between Rs 80000 to five lakhs and the maintenance costs six to 10 thousand rupees a month. With the insulin pump, life becomes flexible and easier as a patient doesn’t have to prick frequently and the child can keep it in a pocket and a cathedra is inserted into the stomach O once in four-five days the needle is changed and it senses the amount of sugar, the insulin pump injects one or two units per hour and it can be programmed from outside, explained by The Director of KID. Break into 2-3 sentences

Dr. Priyanka Bakshi, nutritionist for Type 1 paediatric diabetology patients said “the kids suffering diabetes at such a young age is due to activity on mobiles, lack of physical exercises and intake of high fat rich foods like burger and pizzas. Juvenile diabetes can be taken under control only with proper diet that includes high amount of curbs and fibers and proteins like’ raagi roti’, green leafy vegetables and millets. Maintenance of children’s diet depends on their parents. We advise them to follow the same diet as others so they don’t feel they are different.”

60-70% paediatric diabetic patients who belong to poor socio economic backgrounds are provided with free insulin, gluco meters and glucose strips which the KID provides benevolent fund for poor children. Children from ST/SC backgrounds are provided with free blood tests and patients who provide BPL cards are given a 30% discount.

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